The Diptera are flies with only a single pair of wings, the second pair being reduced to halters (knobs on short stems). True flies can thus be distinguished from other flying insects, such as mayflies, dragonflies, damselflies, etc. Some true flies, however, have become secondarily wingless.
The Diptera are one of the largest insect orders, containing an estimated 240,000 species worldwide. They are also of significant ecological, medical, and economic importance.
As in most island faunas, the Diptera of the Galapagos are unbalanced or disharmonic compared to the mainland fauna.
The diversity and ecology of the Diptera in the Neotropical source area determines which of them can and cannot not arrive and survive in Galapagos. For example, the absence or poor representation of many aquatic groups is because most of the islands lack permanent fresh water.
Author: Bradley J. Sinclair.
Other Contributors: Sandra Abedrabbo, Léon L. Baert, Fabián Bersosa, Ruth Boada, Carolina Calderon, Charlotte Causton, Germania Estévez, Birgit Fessl, Lilian Guzmán, John M. Heraty, Henri W. Herrera, Bernard Landry, María T. Lasso, Maria Piedad Lincango, E. G. Linsley, Yale Lubin, Alejandro Mieles, Renato Oquendo, Christine E. Parent, Stewart B. Peck, Helmut W. Rogg, Lázaro Roque-Álbelo, Leslie Usinger.
Last updated: April 27, 2017
Names of taxa included: 301 total (247 accepted, 43 unidentified taxon, 10 doubtful, 1 new to science), 4 rejected.
Origin of the taxa included: 72 accidental, 36 questionable accidental, 3 questionable native, 104 endemic, 41 indigenous.
Adding up the number of species in each category will not always equal the total number indicated. Some species have insufficient data to be categorized while others (e.g., category eradicated) will not be included in the total.
|Jan. 18, 2017||csv 103.7 kb||pdf 95.4 kb|
|Aug. 24, 2016||csv 103.6 kb||pdf 95.8 kb|
|Sept. 10, 2015||csv 103.4 kb||pdf 95.9 kb|
|Feb. 11, 2014||csv 102.9 kb||pdf 94.0 kb|
|June 6, 2013||csv 101.6 kb||pdf 92.1 kb|
|May 31, 2013||csv 101.8 kb||pdf 92.3 kb|
|May 7, 2013||csv 101.5 kb||pdf 90.8 kb|
|Dec. 14, 2012||csv 96.1 kb||pdf 86.1 kb|
|May 20, 2012||csv 94.4 kb||pdf 65.9 kb|
|April 13, 2011||csv 229.9 kb||pdf 66.2 kb|
You are welcome to download and use this information acknowledging the origin of the data.
This list should be cited as follows: