Galapagos Species Checklist

Terrestrial & Marine Vertebrates

Blue-footed boobies at Punta Pit, San Cristóbal Island, Galápagos

Blue-footed boobies at Punta Pit, San Cristóbal Island, Galápagos

Vertebrates (Vertebrata) are a diverse group that includes humans. They are organisms that have vertebrae or a spine along the dorsal surface of the body, from head to tail, forming the backbone of the skeleton of the body.

Vertebrates are divided into: Osteichthyes (bony fish) and Chondrichthyes (cartilaginous fish), Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds and Mammals who share the following characteristics:

  1. Have vertebrae or spine
  2. Bilateral symmetry
  3. Have a skull that protects the brain
  4. Present a cartilage or bone endoskeleton

Vertebrates are found in both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, even though their evolutionary origin was in water.
In Galápagos, vertebrates are the most well-known group in spite of having the lowest number of species compared to other groups such as Plants and Invertebrates.

Editors: Gustavo Jiménez-Uzcátegui, Diego Ruiz, Howard L. Snell.

Other Contributors: Marco Altamirano, Stuart Banks, Kailyn Beaty, Franklin Betancourt, Margarita Brandt, Paola Buitrón, Rodrigo Bustamante, Adalgisa Caccone, Cristhian Castro, Linda Cayot, Brian Cooke, María de Lourdes Torres, Ned Deloach, Graham Edgar, José Miguel Fariña, Birgit Fessl, Deborah Freund, Tom Fritz, Gabriel Gentille, James Gibbs, Jack Grove, Donna Harris, Alex Hearn, Paul Humann, Sandra Landázuri, Robert Lavenberg, Alizon Llerena, Cruz Márquez, Edgar Masaquiza, Brian Milstead, Jerson Moreno, Elizabeth Pillaert, Tom Poulson, Peter Pritchard, Felix J. Reyes, Fernando Rivera, Sandie Salazar, Soledad Sarzosa, Franz Smith, Nathalia Tirado-Sanchez, Verónica Toral, Marco Toscano, Fritz Trillmich, F. Hernán Vargas, Mariana Vera, Jeiser Vernaza, Diego Villagómez, Luis Vinueza, Barbara West, David A. Wiedenfeld, Martin Wikelski, Javier Zabala, Patricia Zárate.


You are welcome to download and use this information acknowledging the origin of the data.
This list should be cited as follows:

Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G., Ruiz, D., Snell, H. L. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Terrestrial & Marine Vertebrates - FCD Lista de especies de Vertebrados terrestres y marinos de Galápagos. In: Bungartz, F., Herrera, H., Jaramillo, P., Tirado, N., Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G., Ruiz, D., Guézou, A. & Ziemmeck, F. (eds.). Charles Darwin Foundation Galapagos Species Checklist - Lista de Especies de Galápagos de la Fundación Charles Darwin. Charles Darwin Foundation / Fundación Charles Darwin, Puerto Ayora, Galapagos: Last updated 09 Mar 2017.